Part Two: The Curse of the Law?
by haRold Smith
a citizen of the Commonwealth
"But this I confess to you, that according to the Way, which they call a sect, I worship the God of our fathers, believing everything laid down by the Law and written in the Prophets..." Acts 24:14
"For as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, 'Cursed is every one who does not abide by all things written in the book of the Law, to perform them'." Galatians 3:10
Recently, a reader wrote to ask, "I hope you will prepare a short dissertation on Paul's understanding of the status of the Law of Commandments in Statutes, the relevance and value of these to us today under the New Covenant and the meaning of the words 'The Cup is the New Covenant in My blood'. Please specifically address Paul's apparent contradiction in the NT scriptures of Acts 24:14 and Ephesians 2:14 that causes confusion among disciples today because of the seeming division between Paul and the teachings of Yeshua, the Prophets and Moses. Nowhere do the scriptures say that the Law would be abolished while Paul seems to say it has been."
It is only if we approach scripture from a strictly Greek/English viewpoint that we run into seeming contradictions. If we approach scripture from the Hebrew perspective they were written in with the intent of finding the continuity found throughout these words of Truth that uphold the of the Nature of Spirit, who is YHVH, that His Nature never changes; we will find the evidence that He is faithful to uphold His Promises and true to His Nature. But that approach requires a paradigm shift in our thinking from what we have traditionally been taught about the way we approach scripture. For instance, consider how Paul's words from Galatians above are perceived against what they actually say. Most Christians are taught that Paul converted to Christianity. This is a lie - Paul could not have possibly converted because the religion Christianity can not be found historically until some 250 years after the time of Paul. They believe that he left the Law behind as outmoded because "Jesus fulfilled" the Law and introduced the era of grace. This passage from Galatians is typically one of the proof texts used to show that no man can keep the Law, that the Law is a curse and is therefore not part of the new life in "Christ". But read this again! Paul cites Deuteronomy 27:26 (click on highlighted words to view content) as a proof that the curse falls on those who do not keep the Law, not on those who do keep the Law. Something is really strange about Paul's argument here if looked at from the traditional Christian theology. First he says that anyone under the "works of the Law" is cursed and then he immediately says that the curse applies to anyone who doesn't keep the Law. Is Paul contradicting himself?
The way most Christians read this verse makes it appear as if it is a straightforward contradiction. Step 1: Everyone under the works of the Law is cursed. This implies that the Law itself is a very bad thing. But, Step 2: Everyone who doesn't do what the Law says is cursed. This implies that those who keep the Law are doing great and the Law is a very good thing. So which is it? The answer is found in the Paul's technical phrase "works of the Law." Did you notice that Paul doesn't say, "As many as are of the Law are cursed"? He uses the phrase "works of the Law." Since Paul cites Deuteronomy as his authority that keeping the Law is a good thing, his phrase "works of the Law" must mean something other than "keeping the Law." Otherwise Paul's words are contradictory. So we have to ask ourselves, just what does "works of the Law" really mean? Paul uses this phrase to describe the Legalists. These are men from Jerusalem who have come to Galatia to argue that in order to be a follower of YHVH, one must first become an orthodox follower of the religion, Judaism. In other words, these men are advocating the process of being a proselyte which involves circumcision, Torah study and baptism - before a person is acceptable to YHVH. The "works of the Law" is Paul's way of describing those who claim that a believer must do something before YHVH will offer grace. Paul teaches that YHVH freely offers grace to all - Hebrew and Gentile alike. These men claim that a Gentile must become a Hebrew in order to find acceptance before YHVH. Paul strenuously objects. Why does Paul say that those who advocate "works of the Law" are cursed? Because, in Paul's view, they have already broken one of the fundamental commandments of Scripture. He provides the reference for his assessment in the next verse. "The righteous man shall live by faith" (quoting Habakkuk 2:4) tells us that anyone who imposes additional requirements for acceptability, that is, anything except faith, has violated YHVH's instructions, and as Deuteronomy 27:26 shows, is therefore cursed.
"Then I fell down at his feet to worship him, but he said to me, 'You must not do that! I am a fellow servant with you and your brothers who hold to the testimony of Yeshua. Worship YHVH.'
For the testimony of the Life of Yeshua IS the spirit of prophecy. " Revelation 19:10
Revelation 19:10b says, "…the testimony of Yeshua IS the spirit of prophecy". Gesenius' Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon defines prophecy as the "spoken oracles of YHVH". So, the testimony of the Life of Yeshua reveals how YHVH's Words are to be construed. The words of Paul do not override the words of Yeshua - and if you think they do, then you are reading them from a traditional religious viewpoint rather than what the words themselves actually say. Words mean things. By Yeshua's own admission in John 14:23-24 He said His words were not His but the Words of His Father. Everything Yeshua said can be referenced back to the Tanakh (OT) - even His one lone "new" commandment of John 13:34 is not found to actually be "new" but simply a narrowing of YHVH's words found in Leviticus 19:18. The Words of YHVH are the perpetual illustrations of His Nature - and Yeshua chose to embody that Nature by His obedience to the Truth as the example for us to follow (Matthew 16:24). Likewise, Paul's description of the "wall of division" found in Ephesians 2:14 follows a similar descriptive path as that of Galatians 3:10 - which is in line with the Nature of YHVH. It is important to recognize how the very structure of our language subtly alters how we understand the text of scripture. Hebrew does not work like English or any of the Indo-European languages of which we are familiar. First, it has no vowels. Secondly, the structure of the Hebrew letters communicates a second level of meaning impossible to translate and, third, the syntax of Hebrew is strikingly different than other languages. Even though the only documents we have of the Messianic Writings (NT) are in Greek, they were still written by Hebrews out of a Hebrew mindset influenced through Hebrew culture producing a uniquely Hebrew perspective that were addressed to, primarily, a Hebrew audience who understood the nuances of the Hebrew language. To truly grasp what these Hebrews were trying to communicate, means we must first understand the perspective these words were written from.
With the text of Hebrews 8:13, the Hebraic background of the word "new" is derived from a direct quote of the passage in found in Jeremiah 31:31 and cannot be taken in the sense of essentially or completely new - as from scratch. To understand why the Greek word kainos, meaning "fresh", was chosen to represent the Hebrew word chadash (also translated as the English "new"), we must first come to an understanding that the original Hebrew root word it is derived from means to re-new, or re-pair. It is speaking of a new element that was previously out of sight is now coming into view - not something newly created. It is the revelation of what was always present but unperceived. It is only by divorcing kainen from the Hebraic influence of the word actually used in Jeremiah 31 that someone could conclude that this represents an entirely unprecedented creative act - and that is being disingenuous with the words.
In Matthew 26:28, Mark 14:24, and Luke 22:19-20, the word "new" in front of "testament" or "covenant" (depending on the translation) is not found in the original manuscripts - having been artificially inserted at a later date to reinforce a replacement theology embraced by the translators. The text should be read "this is My blood of the covenant which is poured out for the many…" - not a "new" covenant, but a promised restoration or fulfillment of what came before. Yeshua was showing His disciples the fulfillment of His Father's covenant - not initiating a "new covenant" (see One Covenant, part 1 for further explanation). Yeshua said the bread IS His Body (see the difference between His Body and the Church) and to divide the wine among them which IS His Blood (see the distinction given His Blood to His Body in the Inheritance). Yeshua was saying to His disciples present at that supper to keep the covenant with each other in the same manner as He had exampled in His Life toward them. Since words mean things, we must consider all the words of a passage before drawing our conclusions.
Thus, when all the words are looked at together from the Hebraic perspective they were written in, we find no contradictions within the writings of Sha'ul (the apostle Paul); instead, scriptures show Yeshua, Paul and the rest of the disciples to be in complete alignment with Torah.
Part One - Torah or "the Law"
Part Two - the Curse of the Law?
Part Three - Under the Law?
Part Four - Legalism
|"And He took bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, 'This is my body, which is broken for you. Each time you partake of it, remember how I was with you .' And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, 'This cup that is poured out for you is the covenant fulfilled in my blood...'" Luke 22:19-20|
Please feel free to email me at email@example.com. While not claiming to have all the answers, it would be an honor to partake with you of what the Spirit is uncovering.