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A Light to the Nations
One Covenant
Part One - A History

by haRold Smith
a citizen of the Commonwealth
(Ephesians 2:19)

"...'By myself I have sworn,' declares YHVH, 'because you have done this thing and have not withheld your son, your only son, I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your seed as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your seed shall possess the gate of his enemies, and in your seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice'." Genesis 22:15-18

"Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his seed It does not say, 'And to seeds'. referring to many, but referring to one, 'And to your seed' , who is the Messiah. This is what I mean: the law, which came 430 years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by YHVH, so as to make the promise void. For if the inheritance comes by the law, it no longer comes by promise; but YHVH gave it to Abraham by a promise. Why then the Law? It was added because of transgressions, until the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator." Galatians 3:16-19

"For I say that the Messiah became a servant of the Hebrew people (to the circumcised) in order to show YHVH's truthfulness by making good His promises to the Patriarchs (the Hebrew Fathers), and in order to show His mercy by causing the Gentiles to glorify YHVH - as it is written in the Tanakh (Original Writings), 'Because of this I will acknowledge you among the Gentiles and sing praise to your name' ." Romans 15:8-9

There is but One Covenant. Like a diamond and the Character of YHVH, we find there are several facets to this Covenant; but, there is only One Covenant and it has to do with YHVH Himself, His Plan and His Purpose toward mankind - to bring Life out of death and to make that Life accessible to every one who would come to Him with a humble and contrite spirit by accepting Him for who He says He Is (click on highlighted words to view content). From the Beginning, the Father's unchanging, underlying motivation has been to bring all of mankind to LIFE - not life to mankind (Hosea 1:10). YHVH is the source of LIFE and 1John 1:5. says that LIFE IS Light (see Who Is The Word scripturally). Thus we see YHVH's desire for a people to live in His Life and thereby become a testimony, a Light to the Nations - the rest of mankind. What rest of mankind? Words mean things. To properly understand scripture from YHVH's perspective, we must constantly be reminded that ALL the books of scripture were written by Hebrews out of a Hebrew mindset influenced by a Hebrew culture that produced a uniquely Hebrew perspective being conveyed primarily to a Hebrew audience which understood the nuances of the Hebrew language. To properly understand what these words mean necessitates viewing them from the Hebrew perspective they were written in - not our current English culture. In all of scripture there are only two demarcations of people - Hebrews and "others". These others are called Gentiles - those who worship gods other than the Holy One of Israel. The term "Gentile believer" is oxymoronic and does not exist in a Hebrew world view (see how that Perspective is worked out among us). The apostle Sha'ul (Paul) spoke to how these demarcations have been resolved in the Body of Yeshua in Galatians 3:28 (explore the difference between the Body of the Groom and the Bride). The tradition of man would seek to re-write history in order to uphold and to fit into its own artificial paradigm what it wants us to believe. The human race is not one - as much as that humanistic approach would like you to think it is. YHVH is the Elohim of Israel - not of mankind (see the Whose Word Is It?), So, then, the question arises, "Just what is this covenant spoken of in scripture and what does scripture tell us it really means to be in a covenant relationship?"

It was Adam, the first Hebrew (click to examine the scriptural evidence for that statement), that was created in the Image, the Essence of the Nature and Character of LIFE as a statement to the rest of mankind of what it means to live in and be One with the Presence of LIFE. Yeshua is called the last Adam because IN Yeshua was THE Life of YHVH and THE Life He exampled in the flesh in obedience to the Father's Words was the Light of men (John 1:4 - see the Law of Grace for an explanation of this Light), Yeshua exemplified with His life the choices required to continuously abide in the Presence of LIFE – whereby, the choices of Adam resulted in a separation from that LIFE. Separation from Life is called death. Bringing Life out of death is and always has been the Purpose of the Father (see what it is to have Salvation and Eternal Life). The story of the creation of Adam is NOT the story of the general creation of mankind. That general creation took place in Genesis 1 where we are given an "overview" of the creation of the heavens and the earth where "in the beginning" YHVH created "mankind" - many and in general, male and female. Genesis 6:1-6 and the First Book of Enoch 7:1 speak of the evil of mankind that became prevalent in the world after creation, thus necessitating YHVH's desire to demonstrate in a select people a more excellent way of Life – a Light to the Nations. If there was no one else around except those coming out of the Garden - then why was it necessary to place a mark of protection on Cain that he not be killed by others as recorded in Genesis 4? And how is it that he took a wife from the land of Nod, outside of the land of Eden, before Adam and Eve had given birth to other sons and daughters as recorded in Genesis 5 - eliminating the possibility of an incestual marriage to a sister? And, if Adam was the first of mankind, then why is the lineage in that chapter (and expanded on in Luke 3:23-38) descriptive only of Hebrews? You have to admit, at the very least, these questions place that Christian theology (for that is where is originates) in some real murky waters.

the Garden of Eden

...the garden of delight
Genesis 2 picks up the story but with the focus upon a particular place upon the already created earth - the Garden of Eden (v.8 - the Hebrew phrase gan 'aden meaning "garden of delight"). Here we are even given specific directions about where this Garden was located in the earth (v.10-14) and told of a particular man YHVH had formed and placed there - Adam (the first of the Hebrews). It was into this particular person He breathed the Breath of LIFE – Himself (v.7). Leviticus 17:11 tells us the Life is in the Blood and it is the Blood that makes atonement (brings us into at-one-ment with the Father) by the Life contained therein. The Life YHVH breathed into Adam was His very Essence - now contained in Adam's Blood. In the same way as my son looks and acts just like me because of my DNA coursing in his blood (in spite of how much he would wish it otherwise), in like manner Adam was fashioned into the likeness and image of YHVH because He carried within Him the vital components of the Father's DNA - the Essence of His Presence. From the passage of this DNA we can determine (then, just as we can now) that YHVH is not black, European or female. He is Hebrew and He is male. His "male" is Spirit - not as we consider ordinary man, but having to do with His Nature. There was a reason Adam was fashioned first and Yeshua was born a man, both in the likeness, the image of YHVH - both Hebrew. The female subsequently came from the male which carried the DNA of the Father. If you are a woman reading this, the immediate temptation is to interject "Greek-think hierarchy" (see my big, fat Greek Mindset part 1 and part 2 to find out what that is) into the equation of man and woman and interpret this statement as a subservient, discriminatory role assigned to women. That is not what is being said – not here nor in scripture, despite what men may want you to believe to the contrary to satisfy their own legalistic agenda. Each gender has a different function, but they are both equal in the eyes of the Father because, together, they comprise ONE flesh – an illustration in flesh of the relationship created in and with the Creator, YHVH. It is a mystery, but the union of husband and wife is the physical proclamation of how this same unity can exist between men and the One True Elohim of Israel (Ephesians 5:25-33 - see what it means to,scripturally, be One Flesh).

Genesis 5:1 begins with the "generations of Adam" and those generations are meticulously chronicled again in their entirety in Luke 3:23-38; only this time from Yeshua back to Adam, the first son of YHVH - not the first of mankind. It is to the Hebrew people descended from Adam through Jacob (who was renamed ISRAEL) that YHVH entrusted that Seed spoken of in the verses leading into this article that would manifest itself as the "Light to the Nations". That Seed was proclaimed beginning with Adam (Genesis 3:15), established in the loins of Noah (Genesis 9:9), ratified before Abraham (Genesis 22:15-18), sealed in the Kingship of David (2Samuel 7:12-13, Psalm 89:3-4), and culminated in the Life of Yeshua (John 7:42), the second son through whom, by way of, the Covenant was fulfilled (completed and made whole - not ended) and the doorway to Life was restored for any who would choose to enter into the Present Presence. There are only two places where scripture records the Breath of Life being breathed into men. The first was with Adam in Genesis 2, and the second was when Yeshua breathed on the eleven in the room just after the Resurrection as the pre-cursor to the outpouring of ruach hakodesh (Hebrew for the holiness of spirit) at Shavuot (Pentecost) on as many as would call upon the Name of YaHoVeH (John 20:19-22, Acts 2 - see Without to Within). When that "breath of Life" (the Hebrew word nephesh in Genesis 2:7) was breathed into Adam and is breathed into us by ruach hakodesh through our embrace of the Life of Yeshua, we get His LIFE - His DNA. It is a mystery how it happens, but His Hebrew Blood begins to course through our veins and we become as He Is - part of His Hebrew Body (Ephesians 5:30, 1John 4:17). It is we who are grafted into His Hebrew root, the root of Jesse - not the other way around.

from the dust
There was no death in the Garden. If there was no death – what necessitated the tree of Life? Once Life has been given, Life must be sustained. Eating, the partaking of something to sustain Life is a choice of our will. YHVH gave no command to "eat of every tree" – what He gave was the opportunity to eat (Genesis 2:16). What was the only thing that could result in death in the Garden? The conscious choice of partaking (eating) of the tree of the KNOWLEDGE between what was good and what was evil was the only thing that would bring death. Death separates us from the provision of His Life because the determination of what is good now rests with us. Before that knowledge was acquired – everything had been "Good" because everything came from YHVH, the Source of Provision. What caused a separation to occur was their self-determination – the determined choice to fill a perceived void. In other words, what the Father says is sufficient is seen as lacking in some regard and, therefore, needs to be filled - so, we become determined to fill it out of our own innovation.

"Now therefore, IF you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant then you shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: And you shall be unto me a kingdom of priests
and a holy nation." Exodus 19:5-6a

Adam and, subsequently Eve, began in perfect relationship with YHVH. His Glory was their LIFE - they were echad (Hebrew for One) with Him. Death occurred from a deliberate separation from the Essence of His Spirit because they chose to decide for themselves what was "good" for them to do rather than to simply heed His Voice. To "obey" in this verse of Exodus comes from the Hebrew shama' - but, in Exodus 15:26 this same Hebrew word is also found to be translated "listen" or "hear". In Hebrew, to hear IS to obey, to obey IS to hear. Whether you hear what is spoken or not is measured by how you obey what you hear. Conversely, how you obey determines whether or not you heard what was said. Yeshua said of those who hear, who know Him in this fashion, no man is able to snatch them out of His Hand or out of the Hand of His Father (John 10:27-29). YHVH's Words are a revelation of the Essence of His Nature and Character entrusted to a particular, peculiar people – they are not just a set of morality guidelines. It is to the salvation of the Elohim of Israel that Yeshua calls us to come boldly into by embracing the Life He Lived - which is the Light of men, the Light to the Nations. But remaining in that Life is conditional, it must be accompanied by heeding and obeying His Voice and by keeping His Commandments – the fruit of the tree of Life which sustains Life.

As Yeshua was hanging on the tree before His death, He told the thief hanging alongside Him. "Today, you will be with Me in paradise" (Luke 23:43). This word "paradise" is translated from the Greek word paradeisos. It is a word whose origin is not to be sought for in either Greek or Hebrew but in the languages of eastern Asia. It is a word primarily used of the plantations, kept gardens and places for animals which surrounded the palaces of Persian kings. It is a word the translators inserted thinking it more appropriately described a Greek view of what "heaven" must be, but not comprehending that heaven is not a place but a state of being. There is no word for paradise in the Hebrew – there is only "gan 'aden", the state of being the Father cultivated with a particular man to be a delight to Him. It was here YHVH created Adam - to abide in His Presence. As a Hebrew understanding this perspective of the Father, Yeshua was telling the man on the cross next to him that with the offering of His obedient Blood; the Garden, the place of delight to the Father, where we choose to abide in the Present Presence of eternity, of Today, had been restored (Hebrews 3:12-15). How was that accomplished? Just by Him dying? Where is the Power in that? Part of the definition of the Essence of the Father given us in Exodus 34:1-7 is that of truth - where He says the sins of the fathers are passed on to subsequent generations. All of the generational sin that began with Adam was literally transferred upon Yeshua, tempting Him at every juncture. Do you wish to stop generational sin from progressing in your lineage? Then follow Yeshua's example – don't do it anymore. The way generational sin is broken is by not passing it down to the next generation by our behavior. Yeshua said the authority given to Him by the Father has been given to those who follow and adhere to His example of Life ((Luke 9:1-2, Luke 10:17-23). The Greek word used for authority in these passages is exousia and means "the power of choice" The restoration of the Garden is the restoration of the power of choice to remain in the Present Presence. It is in His Presence we are given rest in the freedom from the power of sin and death (Exodus 33:14).

He Bore the Sins
...the exchange
With His death, Yeshua became the Kinsman Redeemer to the family of YHVH - Israel. The tainted blood that had caused a separation from the Present Presence had now been exchanged with His Own Blood of obedience, thus restoring the House of Israel to its original intention. When He said, "It is finished", He was speaking of the fulfillment of the restoration of the Covenant, the Promise the Father had made with Himself to be extended through this Hebrew people to the rest of mankind – the "Light to the Nations". The Blood which had been infected with self-determination has now been cleansed by the Blood of selfLESSness - the very Blood of the Source of LIFE. In the Present Presence, we are freed from the law of sin and death that captivated us and made us slaves to its ultimate consequences. However, we are not free from the instructions about how that Life is sustained - that identify the differences between what constitutes death and what is LIFE. The Light of YHVH's Nature, exemplified by the Life of obedience Yeshua showed, IS the Light of Salvation. YHVH used the same unction that gave Life to Adam in the beginning to resurrect Yeshua from death – nefesh, the Breath of Life. Yeshua's offering of an obedient life cleared the enmity created by the sacrifice to self-determination and cleansed the way for the restoration of the DNA of the Blood to its original, pristine condition. That Blood transcended death and now possesses the gates of that enemy. What we give ourselves to is what we serve and what we serve is what we worship – thus the necessity for the Tree of Life in the midst of the Garden of Delight to sustain Life. This same Spirit of selfLESSness now dwells, abides in those who choose to give themselves to YHVH's Words (1John 3:23-24). By our embrace of the Life Yeshua exampled before us, those Words are now written on our hearts instead of tablets of stone – BUT THEY ARE THE SAME WORDS OF LIFE given to us by a Spirit Who loved us and gave Himself for us that, by embracing what He tells us is His Life, we might be free of the law of sin and death.

The One Covenant Series
Part One, A History
Part Two, What's New?
Part Three, Fulfillment
Part Four, the Flaming Sword

"Blessed are they that do his commandments (who wash their robes in righteous behavior), that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city." Revelation 22:14

Please feel free to email them to me at While not claiming to have all the answers, it would be an honor to share with you what the Spirit is uncovering.